During their adolescent years, teens are known for their high-risk behaviors and rash decisions. Recent research [ citation needed ] has shown that there are differences in cognitive processes between adolescents and adults during decision-making. Researchers have concluded that differences in decision-making are not due to a lack of logic or reasoning, but more due to the immaturity of psychosocial capacities that influence decision-making.
Examples of their undeveloped capacities which influence decision-making would be impulse control, emotion regulation, delayed gratification and resistance to peer pressure. In the past, researchers have thought that adolescent behavior was simply due to incompetency regarding decision-making. Currently, researchers have concluded that adults and adolescents are both competent decision-makers, not just adults.
However, adolescents' competent decision-making skills decrease when psychosocial capacities become present. Recent research [ citation needed ] has shown that risk-taking behaviors in adolescents may be the product of interactions between the socioemotional brain network and its cognitive-control network. The socioemotional part of the brain processes social and emotional stimuli and has been shown to be important in reward processing. The cognitive-control network assists in planning and self-regulation. Both of these sections of the brain change over the course of puberty.
However, the socioemotional network changes quickly and abruptly, while the cognitive-control network changes more gradually. Because of this difference in change, the cognitive-control network, which usually regulates the socioemotional network, struggles to control the socioemotional network when psychosocial capacities are present. When adolescents are exposed to social and emotional stimuli, their socioemotional network is activated as well as areas of the brain involved in reward processing. Because teens often gain a sense of reward from risk-taking behaviors, their repetition becomes ever more probable due to the reward experienced.
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In this, the process mirrors addiction. Teens can become addicted to risky behavior because they are in a high state of arousal and are rewarded for it not only by their own internal functions but also by their peers around them.
Adults are generally better able to control their risk-taking because their cognitive-control system has matured enough to the point where it can control the socioemotional network, even in the context of high arousal or when psychosocial capacities are present. Also, adults are less likely to find themselves in situations that push them to do risky things. For example, teens are more likely to be around peers who peer pressure them into doing things, while adults are not as exposed to this sort of social setting.
A recent study suggests that adolescents have difficulties adequately adjusting beliefs in response to bad news such as reading that smoking poses a greater risk to health than they thought , but do not differ from adults in their ability to alter beliefs in response to good news. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about decision making as analyzed in psychology. For a broader discipline, see Decision theory.
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And is one way more correct than the others? How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. The awkward case of 'his or her'. Identify the word pairs with a common ancestor. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Synonyms for decision Synonyms: Noun award , call , conclusion , deliverance , determination , diagnosis , judgment or judgement , opinion , resolution , verdict Visit the Thesaurus for More.
Examples of decision in a Sentence Noun She announced her decision to go to medical school. Have you made a decision? He based his decision on facts, not emotions. She made a conscious decision to leave the painting unfinished. We need someone who will act with decision even under pressure. Supreme Court's decision brought an end to racial segregation in public schools. Recent Examples on the Web: Americans are done with the sedan.
First Known Use of decision Noun 15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a Verb , in the meaning defined above. History and Etymology for decision Noun Middle English decisioun , from Middle French, from Latin decision-, decisio , from decidere to decide Verb see decision entry 1. Learn More about decision. Resources for decision Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared.
Dictionary Entries near decision decimosexto decipher deciphering alphabet decision decisionism decision-making decision problem. Phrases Related to decision hand down a decision informed decision overturn the decision split-second decision take a decision uphold the decision. Time Traveler for decision The first known use of decision was in the 15th century See more words from the same century.